This Day in the Law
June 16

Israel Complies With United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 (2000)

On June 16, 2000, 22 years after its issuance, Israel complied with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 by withdrawing troops from Lebanon.

U.N. Security Council Resolution 425 was issued five days after the Israeli invasion (called Operation Litani) of Lebanon in March 1978. The invasion was triggered by the March 11, 1978 massacre of 37 Israeli civilians in Tel Aviv by members of Palestine Liberation Organization who infiltrated from Lebanon. This attack was the latest and most deadly in a string of attacks launched from Lebanese territory.

Following Lebanese government claims against the Israeli invasion, the United Nations began seeking a peacekeeping force for the area that Israel had occupied. The aim was to bring about a withdrawal of the Israeli forces and to reintroduce the authority of the Lebanese government in southern Lebanon. These efforts by the U.N. resulted in passing Resolution 425. Resolution 425 created the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFL), whose objective was to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and security, and help the Lebanese Government restore its effective authority in the area.

The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon in late March 1978. Israel withdrew its forces by June, but later expanded its occupation in a larger-scale invasion in June 1982, in direct opposition of Resolution 425. Attacks on Lebanon continued throughout the 1980s and 1990s, with major attacks taking place in July 1993 and April 1996.

Finally, on June 16, 2000, 22 years after the passing of Resolution 425, Israel withdrew the remainder of its troops from Lebanon. Tensions still run high today between the two nations.