This Day in the Law
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Today's Date – September 26
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On September 1, 1951, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States signed the ANZUS treaty to forge a military alliance in the Pacific region.

On September 2, 1945, Japan formally surrendered to the United States aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japan to end World War II.

On September 3, 301 A.D., according to most sources, San Marino formed as the world’s first sovereign republic.

On September 4, 1781, Los Angeles, California was founded by Mexican provincial governor, Filipe de Neve, and around 44 other Spanish settlers.

On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston was elected as the first President of the Republic of Texas.

On September 6, 1976, Soviet fighter pilot Viktor Belenko defected from the Soviet Union in his MiG-25 fighter jet to Hakodate, Japan.

On September 7, 1822, Dom Pedro I declares Brazil’s independence from Portugal.

On September 8, 1565, Spanish explorer and admiral, Don Pedro Menéndez de Aviles, founded the first permanent European settlement in the New World in St. Augustine, Florida.

On September 9, 1791, the U.S. Capital of Washington D.C. was named after President George Washington.

On September 10, 1967, the people of Gibraltar voted to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.

On September 11, 1906, Mahatma Gandhi launched the modern nonviolent resistance movement and coined the term Satyagraha to promote non-violent war against tyranny, oppression, and perpetrators of crime in South Africa.

On September 12, 1848, Switzerland adopted a constitution and became a federal sovereign state.

On September 13, 1788, New York City was named the first capital of the United States.

On September 14, 1960, the countries of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela founded the petroleum cartel of OPEC.

On September 15, 2008, Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and listed debts of $613 billion – the single largest bankruptcy filing in world history.

On September 16, 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act which initiated the first U.S. peacetime draft in history.

On September 17, 1787, the United States Constitution was officially signed by 39 of the 55 delegates at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

On September 18, 1947, the United States Air Force became an independent branch of the U.S. military.

On September 19, 1778, the Committee on Finance of the First Continental Congress presented the first national budget.

On September 20th, 1664, Maryland enacted the first anti-interracial marriage law.

On September 21, 1989, the U.S. Senate confirmed Colin Powell as the first African American to head the Joint Chiefs of Staff as Chairman.

On September 22, 1862, a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln.

On September 23, 1957, one of the most significant events in the Civil Rights Movement occurred in Little Rock, Arkansas - 9 black students entered Little Rock Central High School.

On September 24, 1789, President George Washington signed into law the Judiciary Act of 1789 and established the structure of our judicial system.

On September 25, 1981, Sandra Day O’Connor was sworn in as the first female U.S. Supreme Court Justice.

On September 26, 1789, President George Washington appointed John Jay as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

On September 26, 1964, the Warren Commission released its findings to the public that Lee Harvey Oswald was the "lone gunman" in the assassination of President Kennedy.

On September 28, 1850, U.S. Congress officially banned flogging on U.S. naval ships.

On September 29, 1780, John Andre, a British spy during the American Revolution, was court-martialed and found guilty as a result of being an accomplice of Benedict Arnold.

On September 30, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson spoke to the U.S. Senate — in favor of a suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing women the right to vote.